How Do You Play Bunco?
The modern era began in after the BBC commissioned the snooker television show Pot Black and began to air the World Championship in , leading to the sport's new peak in popularity. Ray Reardon dominated the game in the s, Steve Davis in the s, and Stephen Hendry in the s; Ronnie O'Sullivan has won the most world titles since Top professional players now compete regularly around the world and earn millions of pounds.
The origin of snooker dates back to the latter half of the 19th century. One such variation originated at the officers' mess of the 11th Devonshire Regiment in ,  which combined the rules of two pocket billiards games, pyramid and life pool.
The former was played with fifteen red balls and one black positioned in a triangle, while the latter involved the potting of designated coloured balls. The word "snooker" was a slang term for first-year cadets and inexperienced military personnel, but Chamberlain would often use it to describe the inept performance of one of his fellow officers at the table.
The name instantly stuck with the players. Snooker grew in popularity across the Indian colonies and the United Kingdom, but it remained a game mainly for the gentry , and many gentlemen's clubs that had a billiards table would not allow non-members inside to play.
To accommodate the growing interest, smaller and more open snooker-specific clubs were formed. The game of snooker grew in the latter half of the 19th century and the early 20th century, and by the first World Snooker Championship  had been organised by Joe Davis who, as a professional English billiards and snooker player, moved the game from a pastime activity into a more professional sphere.
The game went into a decline through the s and s with little interest generated outside of those who played. In , Davis introduced a variation of the game known as "snooker plus" see the Variations section below to try to improve the game's popularity by adding two extra colours, but it never caught on. A major advance occurred in , when David Attenborough commissioned the snooker television series Pot Black to demonstrate the potential of colour television with the green table and multi-coloured balls being ideal for showing off the advantages of colour broadcasting.
In a total of The objective of the game is to score more points than one's opponent by potting object balls in the correct order. At the start of a frame, the balls are positioned as shown, and the players then take turns to hit shots by striking the cue ball with the tip of the cue , their aim being to pot one of the red balls into a pocket and thereby score a point, or, if this is not possible, to at least hit a red ball so as to avoid making a foul shot.
If the striker pots a red ball, he or she must then pot one of the six "colours" in snooker, the term colour is understood to exclude the red balls. If the player successfully pots a colour, the value of that ball is added to the player's score, and the ball is returned to its starting position on the table.
After that, the player must pot another red ball, then another colour, and so on. This process continues until the striker fails to pot the desired ball, at which point the opponent comes to the table to play the next shot. The game continues in this manner until all the reds are potted and only the six colours are left on the table. When the final ball is potted, the player with more points wins.
A player may also concede a frame while on strike if he or she thinks there are not enough points available on the table to beat the opponent's score. In professional snooker this is a common occurrence. Points may also be scored in a game when a player's opponent fouls. A foul can occur for various reasons, most commonly for failing to hit the correct ball e.
Points gained from a foul vary from a minimum of four, to a maximum of seven if the black ball is involved. The total number of consecutive points excluding fouls that a player amasses during one visit to the table is known as a " break ". A player attaining a break of 15, for example, could have reached it by potting a red then a black, then a red then a pink, before failing to pot the next red. The traditional maximum break in snooker is achieved by potting all reds with blacks then all colours, yielding points; this is often known as a "" or a "maximum".
This is achieved via the opponent leaving a free ball , with the black being potted as the additional colour, and then potting 15 reds and blacks with the colours. Jamie Cope has the distinction of being the first player in snooker history to post a verified break, achieved in a practice frame in One game , from the balls in their starting position until the last ball is potted, is called a " frame ".
A match generally consists of a predetermined number of frames and the player who wins the most frames wins the match. Most professional matches require a player to win five frames, and are called "best of nine" as that is the maximum possible number of frames. Professional and competitive amateur matches are officiated by a referee who is the sole judge of fair play.
The referee also replaces the colours on the table when necessary and calls out how many points the player has scored during a break. Professional players usually play the game in a sporting manner, declaring fouls the referee has missed, acknowledging good shots from their opponent, or holding up a hand to apologise for fortunate shots, also known as "flukes".
Accessories used for snooker include chalk for the tip of the cue, rests of various sorts needed often, due to the length of a full-size table , a triangle to rack the reds, and a scoreboard. One drawback of snooker on a full-size table is the size of the room 22 by 16 feet 6. While pool tables are common to many pubs , snooker tends to be played either in private surroundings or in public snooker halls.
The game can also be played on smaller tables using fewer red balls. The variants in table size are: Smaller tables can come in a variety of styles, such as fold-away or dining-table convertible. A traditional snooker scoreboard resembles an abacus, and records units, tens and hundreds via horizontal sliding pointers. A simple scoring bead is also sometimes used, called a "scoring string", or "scoring wire".
Each bead segment of the string represents a single point. Snooker players typically move one or several beads with their cue.
Professional snooker players can play on the World Snooker main tour ranking circuit. The six -red game Snooker Shoot Out. Simplified rules for beginners Table at start of game: To remember the order of the colours in the "D" area, think of "G"od "B"less "Y"ou for Green, Brown, Yellow as you look at them from the end of the table. Pot - to put a ball into a pocket and have it stay there Foul - to do something against the rules Snookered - to be unable to roll the cueball in a straight line and hit the ball chosen.
Ball ON - the ball you intend to hit with the cueball Fundamentals: The red stays in the pocket. The colour goes back on its own spot.
If it doesn't fit on its spot, then it goes on the highest valued spot available. Home politics sport sport sport soccer gaa snooker buy and sell downloads links Events contact search search.
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